As a specialist in Musculoskeletal disorders I have to understand much more about the human structure than Sports Injury and Massage Therapists. Although I don’t work on broken bones, I still need to identify Skeletal problems and rectify misalignment issues on a daily basis – I also love to educate my clients to reduce the likelihood of a recurrence of their injury.


Whenever we see a skeleton we tend to see it as a dead thing, because it is only exposed to us when the associated creature is dead.

Bone however has many functions as it provides the structural ‘scaffolding’ (the skeleton) of the body that dictates our shape, protects our delicate internal organs (especially in the upper torso) and facilitates joints that allow us to move when activated by muscles. All this from a honeycombed structure!

Besides the mechanical aspects of the skeleton, bone has its own nerves and skin whilst also being responsible for blood cell production, thereby supplying us with a key element of our immune system and the means of transporting Oxygen & nutrients around our bodies.

The Periosteum (skin of the bone) is secured by adhesion through a structure known as Sharpey’s Fibres which can be exposed under extreme circumstances (such as shin splints) causing extreme discomfort. Sharpey’s fibres are not labelled in the diagram below but can be seen where the Periosteum has been peeled back.

As we grow, so does the bone – in fact bone is constantly being destroyed and rebuilt and is influenced by our activities. If we develop larger and stronger muscles, we must also increase the strength of our bones to withstand the additional pull of those muscles.

Osteoblasts reduce our bone mass which can be key in increasing the Calcium available for use throughout the body – meanwhile Osteoclasts are responsible for creating more bone which is particularly useful when you need to repair a fractured bone.

Did you know that, if you x-ray a fractured bone (where the alignment is maintained after impact) that there is little probability of seeing evidence that it suffered injury. If you have an x-ray taken a few days later, however, you are likely to see bright white lines which indicate the fresh bone material (Calcium) of the repair in progress.

The ends of the bones are fixed generally by cartilage such as where the ribs joint the Sternum (breastbone) but where they are involved in joints they are coated in a smooth hyaline cartilage, giving it slippage and reducing damage to adjoining bone and softer tissues during movement.

Protuberances near the ends of the bone are generally attachment points for tendons and ligaments. Because I understand the correct orientation of the skeletal components and the optimum alignment, I can take much of the strain off of the Ligaments and Tendons before then applying my Sports Injury and therapeutic Massage treatments to directly repair these.


I drew the diagram above for inclusion into a (as yet unfinished) book

If you need more info or help with your skeletal or Muscular problems, please feel free to contact me.